The following is from my own notes while reading Rhythms of Learning:
The four temperaments are:
Temperment mediates between the two streams (forces of heredity and forces of individuality and destiny), allowing us to reconcile hereditary characteristics with our destiny.
* usually energetic, forceful, assertive
* natural leaders; decisive and courageous and with a great warmth of heart
* stubborn or willful, tendency to be short-tempered or impatient with anything or anyone holding them back
* typically work hard and are determined despite obstacles IF they believe in what they are doing
* slow & steady
* love order, repetition & physical comfort
* generally do not become easily interested or involved in something, but once engaged they will stick with it
* patient, even-tempered, loyal, steadfast, dependable
* graceful & full of life
* notice and respond to everything and everyone in their environment
* move quickly from one impression or experience to another and rarely remain with anything for long
* they can be restless, distractable, fickle
* sociable, personable, vivacious & light-hearted
* introspective, thoughtful & insightful
* take everything to heart, often to the extreme of being sad or despondent
* can be overly self-involved, but also have a great capacity for sympathy
* very perceptive about people and situations and are well ab le to articulate their thoughts and feelings
Here are some of the salient points in how to use this information as parents or teachers:
Choleric children admire strength, competence & authority and benefit from relationships with people whom they respect and esteem.
Cholerics respect people who are in command of every situation and always know just what to do.
This person can stand up to choleric children and meet them with objectivity and firmness thereby helping them develop self-control.
Further, choleric children need an environment that provides them with physical challenges. Physical obstacles help them develop inner and outer strength and they learn to moderate thier impulsiveness and impetuousness.
Phelgmatic children do not easly become engaged, but benefit from being around people who are interested in many things, for they slowly absorb these interests.
As these observed interests find reflection in their soul, they start to overcome their indifference and begin to awaken to the world. If plegmatics swell in their apathy long enough, they will begin to be inwardly stirred to action.